If you wish to build a higher education course of study, it is important you understand the overall structure, the institutions and the qualifications to prepare for.
Towards the construction of a European space for higher education, universities have put in place the LMD system.
The academic path is structured around three levels:
BAC +3 (3 years post-secondary school [age 18] graduation): Licence' grade that leads either to Master's studies, or integration into work with the licence professionnelle'.
BAC +5 (5 years post-secondary school [age 18] graduation): Master' grade that leads either to Doctoral studies, or integration into work as an engineers or executive with the Master professionnel'.
BAC +8 (8 years post-secondary school [age 18] graduation): Doctoral' grade for professional integration as a researcher in the public or private sector.
Ecoles d'ingénieurs', Ecoles normales supérieurs', Ecoles de commerce' and Ecoles vétérinaires' but also Ecole d'architecture', Ecole de journalisme', Ecole de bibliothécaire'.
These establishments specialise in a particular academic field and generally have a selective entry procedure. They teach to BAC+5 (5 years post-secondary school [age 18] graduation)
It is important to be aware of the purpose of each of the qualifications to be able to choose the most suitable course for your desired career.
DEUST: qualification with a professional purpose that takes two years to prepare for at university, after the baccalaureate (secondary school graduation age 18). Further studies are possible with a 'licence professionnelle'.
Last updated April 3, 2012