Science and Technology courses which are part of the LMD structure.
The countries of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) have decided to homogenise their educational courses and to adopt a system of common qualifications, with the aim of ensuring that qualifications are recognised across Europe, to promote student mobility between French establishments and within Europe, and to enhance the appeal of the French university system to other European students.
» The licence' (L) is awarded at bac + 3 level (3 years of study after secondary school graduation at age 18)
» The master' (M) is awarded at bac + 5 level (5 years of study after secondary school graduation at age 18)
» The doctorat' (D) is awarded at bac + 8 level (8 years of study after secondary school graduation at age 18)
This reform has been in place at Université Paul Sabatier since 2003.
...the LMD system does not apply to all UPS courses....
The European system of units that can be acquired (or capitalised) and transferred is known as the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).
Credits, numerical values of between 1 and 60 allocated to the teaching units, represent the usual workload that students are supposed to complete for classes, tutorials, practicals, the work placement, projects, personal study etc. to obtain each unit. A teaching unit needs to be passed (or validated) to earn the corresponding credits.
In the European credit system the workload corresponding to a year of study is set at 60 credits. To validate the different grades of higher education, a student must validate:
o 180 credits for a Licence',
o 300 credits for a Master' (120 in addition to a Licence').
o A Doctorat can be begun after the 300 credits for a 'Master' have been validated.
o transferable from one study route to another (on condition of approval from teaching staff) and can be used to validate periods of study at another French or even foreign university.
o can be capitalised, meaning that validation of any unit of learning is permanent, irrespective of the length of a course of study.
o applicable to any part of a student's work: lessons, work placements, theses, projects etc.
Students who have validated the first two years of a Licence' may be awarded a DEUG diploma for the licence' speciality they have taken.
Students who have validated the first year of a Master' may be awarded a Maîtrise' diploma for the Master' speciality they have taken.
* The diploma (or degree) is divided into semesters (30 credits per semester).
* We validate by semester and no longer by year.
*A change of course is sometimes possible at the end of a semester.
* A student who has not validated a semester is allowed, under certain conditions, to register for the following semester.
Students are responsible for their own course of study: they choose their course based on their personal and career plans. Each course of study is overseen by a team of teaching staff coordinated by a Director of studies.
Teaching units are divided into basic, optional and open units.
o A basic unit is compulsory and must be followed by all students of the course in question.
o Optional units add on to basic units and are chosen by each student from a list provided by the teaching staff, based on his or her personal education and career plan.o In addition to teaching defined within the basic and optional units, courses include a fixed number of credits allocated to teaching or activities of the student's choice; these are open units.
Last updated October 5, 2011